Franciszek Michał Amałowicz „Tatar”

He was born in 1903 in Lviv where he graduaded from gimnasium. In 1918 as a 15 years old boy he took part in defence of Lviv during the Polish-Ukrainian war. In 1921 he voluntarily joined Polish insurgents fighting against Germans during the Third Silesian Uprising. In 1929 he graduated from medical university and then worked in a military hospital in Warsaw.

In September 1939 he fought in the Polish Campaign in the „Poznań” Army and was taken into German captivity. After being released he joined the Polish military resistance movement which since 14th of February 1942 was called the Home Army. Amałowicz used a pseudonym „Tatar” and became a commander of the Home Army’s units operating in the „Obroża” district which covered the Warsaw district. The highest rank he received during his service in the Home Army was a rank of major. Mutually with his activity in the underground movement he lived in Rembertów and officially worked as a doctor at a hospital.

When the Red Army entered Rembertów on September 11th 1944 he was forced to join Polish troops under Soviet command. Two months later he was arrested and imprisoned by communist military intelligence services in Skrobowo where he spent almost half a year. In May 1945 together with 350other Polish soldiers – victims of communist repressions – he was transported to a camp in Stalinogorsk (today Novomoskovksk). One year later he was sent to Butyrka prison in Moscow where on 4th of December 1946 he was sentenced to 7 years in prison.

After trial he was imprisoned in several places in the USSR. In sequence it were Minlag camp (Inta in Komi ASSR), camp for prisoners in Stalingrad, camp for prisoners in Asbest, camp no. 2 under the command of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (Ministerstvo Vnutrennikh Del) located in Kharkiv and finally the Dubrawnyj camp (Yavas in Mordovian ASSR).

On 9 January 1954 he was repatriated to Poland and four days later he came back do Rembertów but soon together with his wife and two sons he moved to Kowary. There he started to work as a doctor. He died in 1975 in Józefów nearby Warsaw. He was awarded with several medals for his service for independent Poland. In 1998 one of streets of Rembertów was named after him.

A történetet az Instytut Pamieci Narodowej kutatói dolgozták fel Gulag középeurópai térképe projekt keretében.


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